Attentional cue. We manipulated cue validity among three experiments ...

Attentional selection is driven, in part, by a complex interplay be

A cue using an internal attentional focus would sound like… “I want you to balance on the wobble board by trying to keep your feet level. Shift your weight to the front or back of your feet if you need to.” Their attention is focused on their feet – something internal. An external attentional focus cue would be…To prevent attentional suppression around the cue location from affecting responses to targets adjacent to the cue , , we chose a single intermediate target location beyond the region expected to be suppressed, and equidistant from the retinotopic and future-field locations. We also changed the display configuration so that the saccade goal ...Inhibition Of Return (IOR) is a well-investigated phenomenon in experimental cognitive psychology: People respond more slowerly to stimuli at locations where they previously (at least 300 ms earlier) viewed a task-irrelevant stimulus (see Klein for review, 2000). The effect of slowing down when responding to previously cued …on invalid cue trials, RTs are slower if the cues are threat related, rather than neutral, which seems to suggest a difficulty in disengaging attention from the threat location. However, if threat cues have a slowing effect on RTs, as well as an attentional cueing effect, both should be taken into account when interpreting the results.Given that microsaccades may be influenced by top-down attention to the cue, we suggest that relationship is dependent on the task and or attentional set produced by …Children tend the separate and differentiate during puberty. This is the main difference in socialization that cues all other socializations to start. Children that may have played together when they were younger will start to drift apart o...The distinction between attentional cueing strategies that must be generated internally through cognitive processes (such as thinking about the movement or size of a step) and external cues (auditory rhythmic tones) may therefore be important. A combination of cueing strategies may prove useful to address the wide variety of …Thus, an initial comparison between gaze and arrow cues has shown that eye-gaze cues are more resistant to voluntary control (Friesen, Ristic, & Kingstone, 2004).In particular, Friesen et al. used a so-called counterpredictive cueing paradigm (the target was more likely to appear in the location opposite the one indicated by the cue) and showed …Oct 6, 2021 · The spatial cueing paradigm is a popular tool to investigate under what conditions irrelevant objects capture attention against the observer’s intention. In this paradigm, finding better visual search performance when the target appears at the location of an irrelevant cue is taken to indicate that this cue summoned attention to its location, before the search display appeared. Here, we ... The attentional network test (ANT) uses flanker stimuli with different cue conditions to quantify differences in attentional processing. However, it is unclear precisely how the alerting and orienting cues in the task affect different decision processes.Oct 13, 2022 · Thus, group-based cue selection is an advanced attentional selection mechanism that dynamically tracks individual social cues, integrates pieces of individual and group social information to ... The phenomenon of valid cues producing longer reaction times than invalid cues is called inhibition of return. Endogenous (from Greek endo , meaning "within" or "internally") orienting is the intentional allocation of attentional resources to a predetermined location or space.The classical ANT version adopts a fourth cue condition, the center cue, however, we decided to discard this condition for two reasons: (1) we preferred not to assess attentional network scores ...The purpose of this study was to assess stress effects on the top-down control of spatial attention isolated from concurrent bottom-up mechanisms. We analyzed posterior alpha lateralization in the cue-target interval reflecting cue-dependent attentional top-down effects in the absence of stimulus processing.The attentional cues changed from central to peripheral and were composed of a brief change in polarity of one (valid/invalid) or all (neutral) placeholders, and the duration of the cue and ISI was …The fact that such automatic shifts of attention could be triggered by centrally presented, nonpredictive cues has led some researchers to suggest that eye gaze is a special attentional cue because of its biological significance (e.g., Friesen & Kingstone, 1998, 2003b; Langton & Bruce, 1999). This hypothesis was supported by some research in attention. For example, under high physiological arousal, the attention field narrows (cf. Easterbrook, 1959), which has a positive effect on performance if it blocks out unimportant distractions but a negative effect if the narrowing is so great that task-relevant cues are missed.Found in about four to five percent of adults, attention deficit disorder is comprised of a number of symptoms that affect all of the activities of daily living. Treatment of ADD in adults begins with understanding that adults with ADD are ...In today’s competitive marketplace, creating compelling ads is essential to grab attention and drive results. With so many advertisements vying for consumers’ attention, it’s crucial to develop strategies that stand out from the crowd.Others’ gaze direction and traffic arrow signal lights play significant roles in guiding observers’ attention in daily life. Previous studies have shown that gaze and arrow cues can direct attention to the cued location. However, it is ambiguous where gaze and arrow cues guide attention: the cued location or a broader cued region. Therefore, the …Essentially, the artificial systems are using feedforward image information to internally generate top-down attentional signals rather than being given the top-down information in the form of a cue. That being said, some artificial systems do allow for externally-cued feature attention.The results identified that attentional deficits in intellectual disability are overall more pronounced in top-down rather than in bottom-up processing, but with different magnitudes across cue types: The auditory or tactile endogenous cues were much less effective than the visual endogenous cue in the intellectual disability group.To test for attentional facial effects due to lateralized cue presentation, N170 differences were investigated by using contra-ipsi-differences. Contra-ipsi analysis was again performed by using the contra-ipsi function of erplab [ 45 ], however, this time comparing N170 ipsi/contra-activity of the left electrode P7 with the corresponding ipsi ...We conclude that, first, cue complexity expressed by discriminability modulates endogenous covert attention at supra-threshold cue discriminability levels, with increasing benefits and …Retrieval cues (5.5) Memory distortion (5.6) Apply. By reading and thinking about how the concepts in Module 5 apply to real life, you should be able to: ... For example, you should pay attention to patterns and relationships and their significance, rather than just the words or numbers themselves.The two-rectangle method was used with the cue validity of 50%. Attentional priority was manipulated by varying the probability that a target would appear in each of the two uncued locations. On invalidly cued trials, the target appeared in the high-probability location (defined by an absolute spatial location, e.g., upper right) 83% of the ...Apr 14, 2015 · Attentional-focus cues can be either internal (directed toward the body) or external (targeting something beyond the body) (Wulf, Hoss & Prinz 1998). Two examples: Internal cue: A trainer guiding a client through the upward portion of a bench press says, “Focus on extending your arms and squeezing your chest.”. The attentional cues changed from central to peripheral and were composed of a brief change in polarity of one (valid/invalid) or all (neutral) placeholders, and the duration of the cue and ISI was …Based on previous studies, as two different kinds of cues, the attentional orienting triggered by non-predictive gaze and arrow cues may exhibit distinct patterns. If the pattern of attentional orienting triggered by gaze cues depends on its social properties, gaze cues ought to direct attention to the specific location, as in Marotta et al. .Billiards is a traditional tabletop game played with balls, sticks called cues and a specialized table. Pool is a common nickname for the game pocket billiards. These two games use similar hardware but are different due to the objectives of...This BM-triggered attentional effect persists when only the feet motion cue is displayed and observers are naïve to its biological nature . Moreover, such attentional orienting behavior triggered ...We defined four main categories for the report of our study: effect of cognitive load (number of items), main effect of type of cue (no cue vs. cue), and then planned analyses on cue subtypes (social vs. non-social cue, subtle …Attentional bias to drug cues is a phenomenon whose neural encoding can provide insight into mechanisms relevant to addiction. Across individuals, the strength of attentional bias toward drug-linked cues is strongly associated with relapse in abstinent users, as well as the quantity and frequency of current use in nontreatment seekers [ 1 ].Jun 21, 2022 · In the presence of a peripheral cue, an attentional signal (dark grey signal) modulates the post-retinal sustained response produced by the first flashed stimulus (S1). The effect is an enhancement of the activity in the post-retinal parvocellular stream (blue-outlined sustained response in Fig. 8). Through the inter-channel inhibition between ... Behavior. Accuracy following each cue and cue-target SOA in the target discrimination task is plotted in Fig. 1B. In order to test for the presence of a behavioral cueing benefit at each SOA, a ...This hypothesis was supported by some research in attention. For example, under high physiological arousal, the attention field narrows (cf. Easterbrook, 1959), which has a positive effect on performance if it blocks out unimportant distractions but a negative effect if the narrowing is so great that task-relevant cues are missed.Attentional selection is driven, in part, by a complex interplay between endogenous and exogenous cues. Recently, one’s interactions with the physical world have also been shown to bias attention. Specifically, the sense of agency that arises when our actions cause predictable outcomes biases our attention toward those things which we control. We investigated how this agency-driven ...In Experiment 1, we investigated whether attentional bias towards happy face cues in the dot-probe task occurs only if the target on a given trial has to compete for attention with a simultaneously presented distractor stimulus (i.e., if it is not an onset-singleton).Participants performed a dot-probe task with happy face cues and two target …Attentional-focus cues can be either internal (directed toward the body) or external (targeting something beyond the body) (Wulf, Hoss & Prinz 1998). Two examples: Internal cue: A trainer guiding a client through the upward portion of a bench press says, “Focus on extending your arms and squeezing your chest.”.The cue validity effect on attentional allocation: N1pc amplitude. Results on the cue validity effect on N1pc amplitude are reported in Table 8.Tra cứu từ điển Anh Việt online. Nghĩa của từ 'attentional' trong tiếng Việt. attentional là gì? Tra cứu từ điển trực tuyến.cues affect performance based on exercise modality and intensity. Identify how and when to ap- ply cues that target internal or external focus to optimize.Their results show that depth information from binocular depth cues provides viewers with additional information, creating new salient regions in the scene. In building a stereoscopic saliency model, depth (binocular disparity or disparity contrast) is considered as an attentional cue that is similar to other features such as color and ...Posner cueing task. The Posner cueing task, also known as the Posner paradigm, is a neuropsychological test often used to assess attention. Formulated by Michael Posner, [1] it assesses a person's ability to perform an attentional shift. It has been used and modified to assess disorders, focal brain injury, and the effects of both on spatial ... Recent studies have demonstrated that memory performance can be enhanced by a cue which indicates the item most likely to be subsequently probed, even when that cue is delivered seconds after a stimulus array is extinguished. Although such retro-cuing has attracted considerable interest, the mechanisms underlying it remain …RT reflects cue-encoding time, attention-switching time, and target-processing time. When the cue changes (2) where RT Base is asymptotic RT, μ c is mean cue-encoding time, and μ s is mean attention-switching time. Model 1 assumes cue-processing time is the same whether or not the cue repeats. This assumption has beenIn addition, we did not find attentional bias in the cueing pair of low versus no reward, even though during training the two cues also showed a significant difference in their selection rates. Taken together, these results indicated that the attentional effect might not be caused by a habit/orienting response or selection history of a specific ...These supplemental verbal sensory cues highlight attentional and informational processes that influence learning or performance (Landin, 1994); verbal cues also served as positive reinforcement ...A significant attentional effect was found at the SOA of 300 ms (t(19) = 4.08, p < 0.01, Bonferroni corrected), namely facilitation of visual acuity occurred when the target was presented 50 ms after the attentional cue. No significant attentional effect was found when the SOA was shorter or longer (ps > 0.05 for the remaining SOAs). Experiment 2Posner cueing task. The Posner cueing task, also known as the Posner paradigm, is a neuropsychological test often used to assess attention. Formulated by Michael Posner, [1] it assesses a person's ability to perform an attentional shift. It has been used and modified to assess disorders, focal brain injury, and the effects of both on spatial ... There are two types of attentional cues, relevant cues and irrelevant cues. Relevant attentional cues include making sure you team mates are in position and making sure the position of the ball is correct when about to shoot. Irrelevant attentional cues include crowd noises and things like bottles being thrown.PMID: 16502846. 10.3758/bf03193557. We investigated the role of spatial probabilities in target location during participants' performance of a visual search task. Experiments 1 and 2 demonstrated that spatial probabilities could serve as a powerful attentional bias that produced faster detection of targets in high-probability locations than of ...Jul 26, 2023 · Each circle was 1.5° in diameter and were presented 4° above the attentional cue; inner disks were 4.9° and outer disks were 10° left and right of the attentional cue. The attentional cue lasted for 1 second, and 650 milliseconds after this cue disappeared, the circles in each pair started to move towards each other downwards diagonally (i ... Spatial cueing of attention occurs when attention is oriented by the onset of a stimulus or by other information that creates a bias towards a particular location. The …In keeping with that, in the present experiment the EDAN-like effect is most likely to reflect detection and selection mechanisms of task-relevant features of attentional cue stimuli instead of attentional orienting. Arrows and eye-gaze differed systematically with respect to the relation between physical features and attentional direction.Posner cueing task. The Posner cueing task, also known as the Posner paradigm, is a neuropsychological test often used to assess attention. Formulated by Michael Posner, [1] it assesses a person's ability to perform an attentional shift. It has been used and modified to assess disorders, focal brain injury, and the effects of both on spatial ...Vision | Free Full-Text | The Impact of Shape-Based Cue Discriminability on Attentional Performance. With rapidly developing technology, visual cues became a powerful tool for deliberate guiding of attention and affecting human performance.Associative learning theories assume the amount of attention to a cue depends on the “predictive value” of the cue, that is, how well that cue predicted important events in the past. Several theories assume that attention to the cue increases with the predictive value of the cue and decreases when the cue is a poor or unreliable predictor ...Attentional cueing biases familiarity-based recognition judgments. This effect is well explained by the hypothesis regarding unintentional processing about the source of fluency. As attentional cueing is a simple yet powerful method for manipulating fluency, it would be of great service for future research to further elucidate the contribution ...Attentional focus, in the context of sport and exercise performance, refers to the process in which the athlete allocates mental resources to cues, stimuli, or states. Attentional focus is commonly classified along one or more dimensions. Nideffer (1976) proposed two dimensions of direction (internal or external) and width (broad or narrow).The purpose of this study was to assess stress effects on the top-down control of spatial attention isolated from concurrent bottom-up mechanisms. We analyzed posterior alpha lateralization in the cue-target interval reflecting cue-dependent attentional top-down effects in the absence of stimulus processing.. the attentional cue was valid). On the rFirst, a spatial-attention cue encouraged the use of either select Many cognitive processes operate without consciousness, and exogenous attentional capture seems to be one of them. While endogenously attending to the opposite location of a cue cannot occur without cue awareness, attending the cued location in an exogenous or stimulus driven form can occur even when participants are not aware of …We investigated whether symbolic endogenous attentional cues affect perceptual accuracy and reaction time (RT) via different cognitive and neural processes. We recorded … phenomenon: the existence of a robust attentiona Jackson (2017) haveshown that gazecues but not arrow cues improved memory accuracy for cued information. Although the dissociations between gaze and arrow cues described above are consistent with the view that eye gaze represents a unique and special attention cue, a weakness in the overall pattern of findings is noteworthy: namely, the ab- Thus, an initial comparison between gaze and arrow cues has shown ...

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